The main purpose of the centre is to reconstruct the idea of Islamic Architecture from the values of the Sunnah within the frame work of early modernist intellectual framework from the West.
- Identify the textual sources of the Qur’an and the sunnah in relation in Architecture.
- To develop an intellectual framework of ijtihad concerning architectural theories and temporary design issues.
- To reconstruct the evolution of Islamic Architecture historiography from the perspective of the Sunnah.
Design Principles of Islamic Architecture have always been derived from an analysis of the Post-Prophetic Era, which spans more than a millennium. The analysis is based entirely on the interpretation of a selected sample of buildings deemed significant and as objects of Islamic Culture par excellence. At the moment this ‘object-centered’ discourse is trapped in a revivalistic and dogmatic agenda of ‘development’ which has caused much economic waste, social discontent and an image of a stagnant or regressive culture.
With this thrust of research, it is important to rewrite the history of Islamic Architecture by deriving a ‘proper’ selection criterion of architecture and a more acceptable analytical framework to select and interpret the past buildings in the Muslim civilization. Buildings in the Muslim civilization must be understood within their own socio-religious context and their divergence from the Islamic spirit inherent in the traditions must be clearly identified. There is also the crucial need of deriving a new Ijtihad framework that would use the corpus of Al-Hadiths and the Tafsir of al-Qur’an as a foundation of values to interpret the meaning of forms and spaces. This ‘value-centered’ effort must come in context with a deep understanding of the intellectual maturity of the West in the early discourses of modernism that had used socio-religious values as the platform of criticism and design philosophies.
UIN Maliki is deemed appropriate to set up this new framework of Islamic Architecture because of three main reasons. The first is because Indonesia has undergone a political revolution that places critical thinking and social activism as an important social and environmental development tool. The second reason is because UIN Maliki and her staff are committed Muslims rooted in the Pesantren tradition of Islam. The third reason is being the largest Muslim nation in the world, the new cradle of Islamic civilization is deemed to begin here in this region.
Both the Islamic Ummah and Indonesia can benefit from the works above in the sense that the idea of development in the built environment would take a more cultural, spiritual and morally guided aesthetic perspectives rather than the sheer grandeur of revivalism that speaks of a stagnant and dogmatic intellectual culture. The integration between the interpretation of the hadiths and the ideas of early modernist in many ways speaks of bridging the great civilization divide between the East and West. The university would be recognized internationally with respect to this new philosophy of Islamic architecture and would also be acknowledged historically as the medium of transfer of valuable modernist ideas into the civilization of the Nusantara to expedite her intellectual maturity. The university would finally be known as that which contributed to the integration of technology and the eternal values of Islam.
- History of Islamic Architecture in Muslim and Non Muslim Countries.
- Studies of Connection between Culture with Spaces in Building, City Planning and Complexes.
- Studies of Theoretical Framework of Islamic Architecture.
- Studies of Methodology of Ijtihad concerning Architecture and the Built Environment.
- Compilation of hadith related to Architecture from the Sunni’ Sources (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Thurmidzi, Thabrani, Muwatta’, Nasa’I etc).
- Compilation of Fiqh Sources of Built Environment (Ihya Ulumuddin, Fiqh Sunnah, Al Umm…The Yusuf Qhardawi’s works, Malay traditional Ulama’s…”Kitab Kuning”…etc).
- Compilation of the Commentary of Qur’an related to architecture (Tafsir of Maududdi, Yusuf Ali, Hamka, ….Ibnu Katsir).
- Compilation of Historical Sources of Islam in Built Environment (Ibnu Khaldun writings, Thabhari,….).
- Principles of Islamic Conservation.
- Studies of Sustainable Design.
- Environmental Behavioral Studies in Islamic Societies.
Architecture, City Planners, Landscape Architecture, Interior Design and Visual Arts.
Research, Seminar, Workshop, Publication, Public Lecture, Design Consultancy, Exhibition, Contract Research, Product Development.
Research Journal, Popular Magazine, Books, Videos and Multi Media Product, Web Portal Design.